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Magnetoterapia Aplicada em Acupuntura

Por Susilaine Moraes Aquino

PRINCÍPIOS DA MAGNETOTERAPIA APLICADA À ACUPUNTURA

1. HISTÓRICO

Há 200 anos, o Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, considerado “pai da homeopatia”, iniciou os estudos sobre os efeitos dos magnetos. O pesquisador produziu medicamentos homeopáticos, a partir da magnetização da água em contato com os polos Norte ou Sul, cujas ações resultaram distintas.

Posteriormente, criou novo medicamento com ação bipolar. Segundo ele, encontrou casos em que o contato de um ímã por apenas meio minuto era suficiente para se obter um amplo espectro de ação terapêutica.

Antigamente, na China, usava-se o ímã em infusão, para beber. A partir da dinastia Song passou-se a utilizá-lo sobre o ponto de Acupuntura.

A Magnetoterapia desenvolveu-se mais intensamente nos últimos 50 anos. E mais especificamente, na Índia, devido ao limitado poder econômico da maioria da população, já que essa terapia é de baixo custo. Foi também nesse país que se produziram mais pesquisas e bibliografia sobre o assunto.

2. TEORIA GERAL

No organismo dos seres vivos ocorrem diversos fenômenos elétricos responsáveis pela manutenção da vida. Em toda movimentação de cargas elétricas, há indução de cargas magnéticas e vice-versa. Não existem fenômenos puramente elétricos, sempre são eletromagnéticos. Assim, os processos de digestão e de absorção dos alimentos; da polarização das membranas de células nervosas; da absorção da energia luminosa pelas células da retina, e demais transmissões de mensagens, são todos fenômenos eletromagnéticos, portanto influenciados por campos eletromagnéticos.

O Ponto de Acupuntura corresponde à concentração bioelétrica, e pode ser perturbado por agentes internos ou externos.  Por isso a ação de campo magnético interfere nesse campo bioelétrico, a fim de restaurar o equilíbrio, ou seja, tratar as doenças.

Em Medicina Tradicional Chinesa, essa intervenção pretende “drenar os meridianos e canais, e regular o fluxo de energia e de Xue (energia do sangue).

Apesar de se tratar de método simples e econômico, comprovou-se a eficiência da Magnetoterapia para: analgesia, tratamento de edemas, diarreia, hipertensão, artrite, distensões ou contusões musculares, neurastenia, insônia, e outros, em diversos tratamentos realizados nas diversas cidades chinesas.

Os únicos efeitos colaterais, raramente observados, foram: sensação de cabeça leve, náuseas, taquicardia, cansaço ou sonolência. Tais sintomas temporários, relatadas no início do tratamento, desapareceram rapidamente, sem alterar os resultados. Raros são os pacientes resistentes ao tratamento com magneto ou que piorem com ele. Para esses casos, basta interromper o tratamento e não haverá sequelas.

3. INDICAÇÕES DE TRATAMENTO

A aplicação de Magneto promove efeito de sedação e/ou tonificação, e a consequente regulação do sistema nervoso autônomo.

Aplica-se o polo Norte para sedação e o polo Sul para tonificação dos pontos de acupuntura, quando utilizados isoladamente.

O polo Norte, aplicado sob a pele, é indicado para traumas recentes, dores agudas, infecções, sedação de ponto de Acupuntura. Seu efeito é vasoconstritor (diminui o calibre do vaso por constrição das fibras musculares sob a ação do sistema nervoso simpático).

Já o polo Sul é indicado para dores crônicas, regeneração, cicatrização, inflamações, tonificação dos pontos e tem efeito vasodilatador (produz a dilatação de um vaso, especialmente de arteríola). Funciona como bolsa de água quente.

Emprega-se em método de tratamento para purificar o sangue ou evitar depósitos de ácido úrico, colesterol, triglicérides, carbonatos, cálcio, fosfatos e oxalatos, além de outras substâncias indeterminadas, denominadas genericamente toxinas.

Para estimular a circulação dos meridianos, deve-se posicionar o polo Norte de um ímã ao Sul de outro. Desse modo cria-se um campo magnético pelo qual as linhas de força transitam de um a outro.

Para tonificar, posicionam-se os ímãs, no sentido Norte-Sul, e percorre-se o trajeto do meridiano. Para promover a sedação, as linhas de força devem percorrer em sentido contrário ao da circulação de energia.

4. INSTRUMENTOS PARA A MAGNETOTERAPIA

4.1 Rodelas magnéticas

Normalmente são produzidas com ímã ferro-oxigênio, ímã alumínio-níquel-cobalto e ímã cobalto, metal alcalino permanente. Tais rodelas são aplicadas sobre os pontos de Acupuntura.

4.2 Aparelho magnético terapêutico com tipos diferentes

Tipo rotatório – frequentemente utilizado. Requer motor que utiliza ímã permanente para girá-lo e produz campo magnético alternado ou de impulso elétrico.

Aparelho eletromagnético – conecta a corrente elétrica ao corpo magnético para formar o campo magnétic

Aparelho vibratório – possui duas ações: campo magnético e de massagem sobre os pontos.

4.3 Canetas magnéticas

Trata-se de kit – composto por duas canetas, respectivamente correspondentes aos polos Norte e Sul.

Em auriculoterapia podem-se usar as canetas magnéticas para sedar ou tonificar os pontos que serão tratados. Após massagear os pontos com deficiência, aplica-se a caneta magnética com sinal positivo (polo Norte), por 30 segundos; nos pontos dolorosos, a caneta com sinal negativo (polo Sul), por 1 minuto. Devido ao formato, as canetas podem ser facilmente utilizadas para estimular os canais energéticos ou meridianos

5. PRINCIPAIS MÉTODOS

A Magnetoterapia é indicada para tratar várias doenças, sem contraindicações, no entanto deve ser utilizada com prudência em recém-nascidos, gestantes, pacientes acometidos com febre alta, hipertensão, hemorragia, doença infecciosa aguda ou dilatação brônquica.

6. INDICAÇÃO DE ACUPONTOS PARA TRATAMENTO COM MAGNETOS

articulação temporomandibular – ATM    E6-7, ID19
cotovelo    IG11, TA5-10
intervertebrais    Huato ( Norte e Sul opostos), B37-40
joelho    E34-35, BP9, VB34, Pontos Extras:Heding, Xiyan e Xixia.
lombo-sacral    VG3, B30-57
ombro    TA14, ID9-11, VB21-10
   BP4, B65, VB35
punhos e mãos    TA4-5, Pontos Extras: Zhongquan, Baxie, Shixuan.
quadril    VB29-30-34
bronquite    VC22, B13, VG14, E40, Ashi e Pontos Extras
bronquite asmática      VC17-22, VG14
ciática    B23-37-40-54, VB30-34, Ashi
contusões e ferimentos    Ashi e pontos locais.
dor de dente    E6-7-44, IG20-4, P9
enurese    VC3-4-6, BP6, B23, E36, VB34
enxaquecas                                                   E38, VB20, TA5, IG4, Pontos Extras: Yintang, Dangyang, Sizhong, Sishencong
gastroenterocolite    VC4-8-12, E25-36-37, BP9
ginecologia    VC4-6, BP6-10, IG3
hérnia discal    Huato e Ashi
hipertensão primária    IG11, E36, VB34-39, BP6
lombalgia    B23-25, VG4, Ashi
entorse, lombar    VG3, B23-25-32, Ashi
nevralgia do trigêmio    E2-6-7, TA17, VB14, IG4, Ponto Extra: Jiachengjiang
nevralgia intercostal    TA6, VB34, Ashi
neurastenia, insônia    C7, BP6, E36, Ponto Extra: Anmian
teno-sinovite    TA4-5, C7, Ashi
Protocolos de Tratamento com Magnetos em Acupuntura

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS

CHONGHUO, Tian Tratado de Medicina Chinesa. [assessor médico para versão em português Ysao Yamamura] São Paulo: Roca, 1993.

COSTA, Rubens, Eletroacupuntura e outros recursos eletro-eletrônicos aplicáveis à Medicina Chinesa. São Paulo: Plêiade, 2002.

ETOSP – Curso de Pós-Graduação Lato Sensu em Acupuntura. São Paulo: ETOSP – Escola de Terapias Orientais de São Paulo, vol.3, 2010.

FORNARI, Marco. Apostila de Moxaterapia, Ventosaterapia e Gua shá. Curso ministrado na ETOSP – Escola de Terapias Orientais de São Paulo, 2010.

SILVA, Carlos Roberto Lyra da; SILVA, Roberto Carlos Lyra da; VIANA, Dirce La Placa.

Dicionário Ilustrado de Saúde: Compacto. São Caetano do Sul-SP: Yendis, 2005

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